With the world's largest healthcare system, England has its finger on the pulse with a life sciences sector covering medical devices and diagnostics, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology. The UK hosts 4,000 life science companies and the sector employs 165,000 people.
We pioneer research into curing disease, or biosciences, at universities like Oxford, Cambridge, Durham, Sheffield and Bristol as well as the Science City York innovation centre. We want to follow in the footsteps of Sir Alexander Fleming who discovered penicillin and James Watson and Francis Crick who discovered the double helix structure of DNA at Cambridge University.
The UK leads the way in cancer research. Oncology experts are researching new drugs to treat breast and prostate cancer at the University of Bath, and Manchester Cancer Research Centre at the University of Manchester is a world leader in the fight against the disease.
England does not just excel in clinical research. Sports science is a popular subject at Leicester and Sheffield universities, Liverpool and Nottingham universities are centres for nurse training, and Birmingham and Bath are leading universities in psychology.
International pharmaceutical and medical companies cluster in England's cities. DePuy, specialising in orthopaedic and neurosurgery, is based in Leeds. Reckitt Benckiser pharmaceuticals and wound management specialists Smith and Nephew's headquarters are both in Hull.
The future is bright for life sciences. A recent government Strategy for UK Life Sciences promotes the UK as a global hub for life sciences and supports the work of pioneering researchers and clinicians with patients.